By Patrick J. Pacalo
In 1918, American President Woodrow Wilson played a role in the Cold War, it is true, and you might have thought the Cold War did not start until the 1940s. Wilson tried to stop the "red terror" in the then newly born USSR in order to help the average Russian. The effort to stop communism in its tracks failed only after US and Soviet troops were locked in combat over frozen ground. From 1949 to 1991 the USA and USSR played nuclear brinksmanship over the same ideological issues as they had fought over in 1918. Decades had passed but the ideologies of democracy and communism were still opposed to each other, and rightly so. Communism resulted in the mass murder of millions of human beings (and it is not over yet, just look at China and North Korea). As a result this split, the American CIA and Soviet KGB squared off using covert action. Then, because of these still differing ideologies, the world split into what was called Eastern (Soviet sponsored) and the Western (US sponsored) alliances such as NATO and the Warsaw Pact (both of these were centered around the European ideological conflict). At the same time mainland China was added to the list of communist countries. (cont'd below)....
Cold War terror leaders Abu
Abbas and Abu
Nidal in Baghdad prior to US invsion. Global terrorists
were tied in to the the Soviet, Iraqi, and Syrian governments
for many years. The writings of former
UN Ambassador Jeane Kirkpatrick and other sources document
these nations' support for such terrorists.
...(cont'd). A major war was fought over which side would control Korea in the 50's, and the country remains split today into communist and democratic parcels; fighting between the two Koreas, and skirmishes often involving US troops are common to date. US military forces were deployed and engaged not just in Korea but around the globe. In the 60's and 70's came the defeat of the West (primarily the US) in Vietnam. A victory of sorts came when the Soviet Union broke apart after the Communist Army staged, or rather attempted, a coup in the summer of 1991 which led to the disintegration of the country in December 1991. The numerous Cold War links below will lead you in many directions in search of Cold War facts. In addition, the newest volumes in the Cold Warfare history book series - Eastern Europe: Cold Warfare III (2010) & The Liberty Cipher: Cold Warfare IV (2011) are described further below. The first volume - Cold Warfare: A Compact History (2004); and volume two - Cold Warfare II: Political Terror (2008) are also described.
The Liberty Cipher: Cold Warfare IV
© 2011 By Patrick Pacalo
Synopsis of Volume IV: On 8 June 1967, the USS Liberty, a lightly armed electronic listening ship flying the American flag on a clear day, was attacked in international waters and nearly sunk by Israeli Defense Forces air and naval units. The US Navy and the Johnson Administration covered up the fact that the attack was deliberate. Now, over forty years after the attack, the truth can be discerned. From analysis of now public accounts and old policy truths we can see that it was the Israeli intention to communicate to the US military that is should not cooperate with the Soviets in forcing the Israelis to settle the raging 1967 mid-East war. As the book reveals even the US Navy's report, done under pressure from the Johnson Administration White House, tells the reader that the attack was highly coordinated and th report was rushed. Experienced researcher-writer Patrick Pacalo peels back the layers of the formerly classified onion revealing the only possible truth about the action.
Publish America 93 pages - ISBN: 978-1-4626-0908-6. Available through www.publishamerica.com, BarnesandNoble.com, Amazon.com, and for order through many other most booksellers (bricks and mortar, and Internet).
Synopsis of Volume III: This volume digs deep into documents long dormant in the National Archives and the records of the Central intelligence Agency. Days passed when nations, Communist and Free, were close to war and that it might commence between Eastern and Western Europe. One 1940s fear on the part of the CIA was that Soviet troops would withdraw from East Germany, leaving it to America and her allies to withdraw troops from West Germany. At this time the Soviets were helping to build a 100,000 strong military-style native German police force. West Germany had only a few civilian-style police. As the postulation went, this would leave the East in a position to storm into West Germany with its military police force. This possibility, that never happened is supported by documents dated 1949, and cited in the text of Eastern Europe: Cold Warfare III. Each Eastern European nation was different in how it adapted to communism and how it threw it off. It is clear that the East European peoples were both captives and in many cases willing participants in global communist expansion. Not only did these nations send arms around the world, they sent "security advisers."
Sources for Eastern Europe: Cold Warfare III include the National Archives, the CIA, the National Security Archive, presidential papers, and the Youngstown State University Library Federal Depository section.
Cold Warfare II: Political Terror © 2008 By Patrick Pacalo
Synopsis of Volume II: From an early age, growing up during the Vietnam Era in the Washington DC metro area, the author was affected by the terrorism of the day (a bit different in some ways than the terrorism of today). Friends, associates, and neighbors were impacted in one way or another (no kidding?). One neighbor was taken hostage in Beirut, Lebanon years prior to the Iran hostage crisis, and 9/11/01.
In this volume Patrick Pacalo, PhD put the skills learned as a student of political science and history; a Strategic Studies Institute (SSI) intern; and as an intelligence officer in the US Army Reserve during Desert Storm to work (whew! Was I busy there for a while).
According to CIA analysis in 1981 "without indirect Soviet assistance many terrorist groups would find their operations severely hampered." There existed Soviet state directed terrorism and quasi-independent terrorist groups. This book represents information and analysis (no, I am not looking for a slot on FOX News, but hey Bill, I will consider offers). The reader is free to reflect and decide if the winding down of some terrorist groups, as the Soviet state disintegrated, was coincidental.
Sources for Cold Warfare II include the National Archives, the CIA, the National Security Archive, presidential papers, and the Youngstown State University Library Federal Depository section.
Publish America, 88 pages - ISBN: 1-60672-355-3. Available through www.publishamerica.com or many booksellers (bricks and mortar, and Internet).
Cold Warfare: A Compact History © 2004 By Patrick Pacalo
Synopsis of Volume I: George Washington (I realize he was not alive during the 20th century, but hang with me here), while engaging the British in North America, put the wheels of covert action into motion over 50 years before Marx wrote the Communist Manifesto (does this heap blame for the Cold War on the US? I do not think so).
The importance of the Manifesto is that it put the soon to develop Soviet state (whose leaders bought into Marxism before taking power) directly opposed to the democracies of the world in the 20th century. What evolved in 1947 & 1948, some one hundred years after Marx's writing, was a CIA capable of covert paramilitary operations.
George Kennan (US State Department) stated that what was needed was not a "department of dirty tricks," but then stated that the CIA would operate in peacetime with operations including sabotage and guerilla war (the decision was not to take the Soviet line of garbage). The means for this action was National Security Council memorandum 10/2.
Cold Warfare: A Compact History is accurately documented with hundreds of footnotes. The prestigious sources used are formerly classified CIA and OSS records, presidential papers, and records from both the National Archives and the National Security Archive. The book also includes an interview with the famed releaser of the "Pentagon Papers," Daniel Ellsberg.
Publish America, 279 pages - ISBN: 1-4137-1925-2. Available through www.publishamerica.com, BarnesandNoble.com, Amazon.com, and for order through many other most booksellers (bricks and mortar, and Internet).
"If you study history long enough you will see it change." --Patrick Pacalo "Analyze don't memorize." --Patrick Pacalo "The truth is my addiction, stranger still than fiction...." --Justin Hayward, No More Lies, The Moody Blues "If it be of importance and of use to us to know the principles of the element we breathe, surely it is not of much less importance nor of much less use to comprehend the principles, and endeavour at the improvement of those laws, by which alone we breathe it in security." --Jeremy Bentham, A Fragment on Government "The spirit of encroachment tends to consolidate the power of all the departments in one, and thus to create, whatever the form of government, a real despotism. --George Washington, Farewell Address "America's greatest export... DEMOCRACY! -- Patrick Pacalo "I am only one, but still I am one. I cannot do everything, but still I can do something; And because I cannot do everything I will not refuse to do the something that I can do." --Edward Everett Hale Feel free to contact Dr. Pacalo at: Coldwartrooper@hotmail.com Life Member of the Military Officers Association of America Member of the American Legion Member of the Army and Navy Union Life Member of the Military Order of Foreign Wars Bronze Patron of the US Army Chemical Museum Certified Paralegal (CP) (NALA) This site is: ©2011 Patrick Pacalo Have a great day! PJP
Photographs by Joseph G. Pitts on a 3.1 megapixel Kodak EasyShare DX7440.
Design and text by The Intelligent Forager, LLC.
You might want to visit http://www.nala.org/certification.aspx - CP stands literally for "Certified Paralegal" it is a trademark of the National Association of Legal Assistants (NALA). Only those individuals having sufficient legal experience and accredited legal education may sit for the exam. When I took the two-day exam there was a %35 pass rate. Today the exam is offered like the GRE and LSAT by computer at various locations, it is surely harder than the GRE. Only those passing the exam may use the designation CP - NALA maintains a list of individuals falsely using the credential. One maintains the designation by completing 50 Continuing Legal Education units (CLE's) every five years. The education required as a prerequisite to take the exam, and to obtain the CLE's can come from a variety of accredited sources.
The material on this site written by Dr. Patrick J. Pacalo is public domain. If you use it in literary research please site it using the Chicago Manual format or other proper format.